Anemia is a health condition which is caused due to the insufficient healthy red blood cells (or hemoglobin) in the blood. These cells are vital for carrying oxygen around the body. There are many different types of anemia, out of which Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type.
Symptoms of Iron Deficiency Anemia
The various symptoms of iron deficiency anemia include shortness of breath, lack of energy, tiredness, lethargy, dry nails and pale complexion.
Risk Factors of Iron Deficiency
People having long-term chronic diseases and the women at child-bearing age are at increased risk of suffering from anemia. There are certain factors to remember here:
*There are certain forms of anemia which are hereditary. The infants may be affected by anemia from the time of their birth.
*Because of poor diet and certain medical conditions, elderly people may also have a greater risk of developing anemia.
*Women who are in their childbearing years are exceptionally susceptible to iron-deficiency anemia. This is due to the loss of blood from menstruation and the increased demands of blood supply during pregnancy.
* There are many different types of anemia. All these are quite different in terms of their causes and treatments. The most common type out of all is Iron-deficiency anemia. With iron supplements and dietary changes, Iron-deficiency anemia can be easily treated. However, some types of anemia may even present lifelong health issues.
Anemia caused by loss of blood
Through bleeding, the red blood cells can get lost. This can occur slowly over a long period of time and often can go undetected. Such kind of chronic bleeding results commonly from the following:
*Gastrointestinal conditions such as hemorrhoids (piles), ulcers, cancer of the bowel and gastritis (inflammation of the stomach).
*Menstruation in women and childbirth. This especially happens if there are multiple pregnancies and if there is excessive menstrual bleeding.
Anemia caused due to faulty or decreased production of red blood cell
The blood cells produced by the body may sometimes not work properly or too few blood cells may be produced by the body. Either of such cases can lead to anemia. Due to abnormal or decreased red blood cells or lack of minerals and vitamins needed for the red blood cells to work properly, anemia occurs. There are certain conditions which are associated with such causes of anemia which are as follows:
*Sickle cell anemia
*Iron deficiency anemia
*Bone marrow and stem cell problems
*Other health issues
This occurs due to lack of mineral iron in the body. The bone marrow which is found in the center of the long bones in the body requires iron in order to make hemoglobin. This is the part of the red blood cell that transports oxygen to all the organs of the body. When there is no adequate iron, the body cannot produce enough hemoglobin for the red blood cells. This results in iron deficiency anemia. This type of anemia is caused by the following factors:
*A diet which is poor in iron, especially in children, infants, teens, and vegetarians
*The metabolic demands of pregnancy
*Frequent donation of blood
*Certain foods, drugs and caffeinated drinks.From the Web