Rosacea or skin redness is a skin disease or common skin condition. It mostly affects women who have fair skin that causes visible blood vessels and sometime produce small, pus-filled bumps. The redness slowly spread beyond the nose and cheeks to the forehead and chin. Chest, back and even the ear are also red every time. Rosacea is more than redness, it has four subtypes
1. Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea is characterized by redness, flushing and visible blood vessels.
2. Papulopustular rosacea: In Arab North African nation, it is most commonly diagnosed form of rosacea and characterized by redness with bumps and pimples.
3. Phymatous Rosacea is characterized by skin thickness and bumpy surface.
4. Ocular Rosacea is inflammation that causes dry, redness, burning and itching of the eyes.
Symptoms of rosacea
The sign and symptoms of rosacea flare up for a period of six months and then diminish for a certain period of time.
Facial redness: Rosacea causes a persistent redness in the central part of the face of the victim, who is suffering from the disease. The small blood vessels on nose and cheeks often swell and become visible.
Swollen red bumps: People who are suffering from the disease also develop pimples on their face that is quite similar to acne. Skin may feel hot and tender as sometimes these bumps may contain pus.
Eye dryness, irritation, swelling and reddened eyelids are some of the prominent symptoms in the person who is suffering from rosacea. Mostly in men, thickening the skin on the nose causing the nose to appear bulbous.
What causes rosacea?
According to the U.S government, approximately 14 million people are suffering from rosacea. Scientists are trying to find the causes of rosacea and based on their research they have found some important clues or indication, which may be the causes of rosacea.
Inherit genes or family history may be one of the causes of disease, where victim carry genes of rosacea from his/her family members. A bug called H pylori is commonly found in the people who are suffering from rosacea. But still, it is not proven that H pylori causes rosacea because people who do not have rosacea also have H pylori infection. The Cathelicidins is a type of anti-microbial molecule that is a part of the immune system and responsible for the body ability to protect from the illness, according to the research at the University of California- San Diego; it has been discovered that Cathelicidins may also causes inflammatory bumps and pimples; because cathelicidins may be prompted by a variety of factors such as heat, exposure to sun’s ultraviolet light and microorganisms such as Demodex folliculorum.
Diagnosis and treatment
There is no specific test for the disease; doctors rely on the symptoms and physical examination. Sometime doctor may prescribe some test to rule out other conditions such as eczema, acne or Psoriasis.
Treatment for rosacea is basically focused on controlling the symptoms and sign of the disease. Medication depends on what the sign and symptoms one is experiencing. Prescription for drug generally includes like brimonidine is quite effective in reducing redness and it applies to the skin as a gel. There are some oral antibiotics like Doxycycline; Isotretinoin helps to reduce some types of bacteria.
Therapies and alternative medicine
Laser therapy, light therapy and electro surgery may help to reduce the redness of enlarged blood vessels. Daily facial massage on the central part of the face may help to reduce the redness of the enlarged blood vessels. Other alternative therapies include colloidal silver, emu oil and oregano oil and much more.
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