Burns are a type of injury that is caused to the skin. A burn can be caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, and more. Burns can range from being minor to major. Friction can cause a minor burn to the skin, such as a carpet burn. Muscles, bones, and blood vessels can be effected by deep tissue burns. Large burns that cover most of the body can often be fatal. Burns are measured by injury, depth, and extent. They are often measured by degree, such as first degree, second degree, and third degree being the worst. First and second degree burns are often considered mild to moderate burns. The first degree burns can be treated at home. Moderate burns often or may need medical attention from a doctor. Third degree should always seek the nearest medical facility as soon as possible because third degree burns often involve deep tissue.

Burns can cause permanent scarring. Infants and the elderly who suffer from third degree burns often suffer other major medical complications. Hot liquids, such as water or oil can cause one to get a burn if it is spilled on their skin. Burns are really painful. Minor burns can be treated by cleaning, dressing, and applying antibiotic ointments. Intavenous antibiotics are used to treat major deep tissue burns and the patient must be admitted to the hospital for this procedure. To repair the skin, often skin graphing or reconstructive surgery is required. Local anasthetics can help manage the pain of mild to moderate burns. Painkillers that are injected can help the pain of severe burns.  If you are involved in an accident where it causes a burn or burns, then you should seek medical attention right away. Third degree burns that are left untreated can cause death. Many burns can be prevented by excercising caution around fire, chemicals, electricity, etc.

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