It is estimated that about one couple in seven faces difficulties in conceiving. If you've been having regular unprotected sex for more than 12 months and are still not pregnant, you may begin to wonder if you have a fertility problem. If you decide to seek medical help, the best thing to do is see your doctor. Many infertility problems can be pinpointed and the vast majority treated. Infertility might be caused due to both natural issue and medical issue. Below we have outlined the causes.
Natural Reasons Behind Infertility
Sleep deprivation - Sleep deprivation puts stress on the body and when you’re tired, you don’t run on all cylinders. For people who don’t get enough sleep, their immune systems are down a little bit and they’re more likely to get infections, which will affect the reproductive cycle. This applies to men as well. Infections can cause fever and that excess heat can damage the sperm temporarily. Women who don’t get enough sleep can also start to feel anxious, which may cause missed periods.
Over-stress - Stress will take a toll on your health both physically and mentally, and affect your ability to get pregnant. Other emotional disturbances such as depression and anxiety can lower your fertility levels. You should be calm and in a balanced state when trying to conceive. Stress hampers the hypothalamus functions, which control the pituitary gland. The gland regulates adrenal, thyroid, and ovaries, and affects the period cycle, even leading to irregular periods.
Under or overweight - Being too thin or too fat will also affect your chances of conceiving. If you are undernourished, you will not ovulate well. If you’re on the heavier side, then it will hamper your fertility. Therefore, an ideal body weight is what helps, and if you are over your ideal BMI, there are fewer chances of conception even if your ovulation is regular
Over-use of lubricants - Studies state that vaginal lubricants negatively affect the motility of the sperm and interfere with fertilization. This is true for both over-the-counter and homemade lubricants.
Medical Reasons Behind Infertility
Endometriosis - This condition, in which endometrial tissue (the uterine lining that sheds with each monthly period) grows outside the uterus. Endometriosis is an important factor in infertility, as it can cause tubal blockages and ovulation problems.
Ovulation problems - Ovulation problem is usually a hormonal disorder that prevents the release of a mature egg from an ovary.
Male or Female Tube Blockage - Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes in female and vas deferens or epididymis in male prevent eggs from getting to the uterus and sperm from getting to the egg. Leading causes include pelvic inflammatory disease
Sperm problem - Low or no sperm counts, poor sperm motility (the ability to move), and abnormally-shaped sperm can all cause infertility.
Poor egg quality - Eggs that become damaged or develop chromosomal abnormalities cannot sustain a pregnancy. This problem is usually age-related, as egg quality declines significantly in the late 30s and early 40s.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) - This is caused by a hormone imbalance that disrupts ovulation. The ovaries develop many small cysts instead of ripening and maturing one egg each cycle.is caused by a hormone imbalance that disrupts ovulation. The ovaries develop many small cysts instead of ripening and maturing one egg each cycle.From the Web