Pancreatic Cancer usually begins in the tissues in your pancreas. The pancreas is an organ in your body that lies somewhat behind the lower part of your stomach. Pancreatic Cancer usually spreads very quickly even if it is diagnosed early. There are not many doctors can do for this type of cancer most of the time.
Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer
Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer do not show until the advanced stages of cancer. If you have Pancreatic Cancer, you will experience upper abdominal pain, yellowing of your skin, blood clots, depression, weight loss, as well as appetite loss. When cells in your pancreas develop their loss of function, pancreatic cancer usually will appear. The two types of pancreatic cancer are cancer that develops in the duct of Santorini, and cancer that develops in cells that produce hormones.
There are several known factors that can put you or anyone at risk for developing this type of cancer. These risks include increased age, especially over the age of 60, being black, overweight or obese, diabetes, severe inflammation of the pancreas, family history of genetic syndromes, any known pancreatic cancer in the family, and smoking. Testing that is done to diagnose pancreatic cancer by doctors consists of ultrasounds, CT scans, MRIs, ERCP, EUS, PTC, and even a biopsy.
Stages of Pancreatic Cancer
There are 4 stages of pancreatic cancer. The first one is where the cancer is confined to the pancreas, and the last stage is where cancer has spread to distant sites that are beyond the pancreas, such as the liver, lungs, and the lining that surrounds your abdominal organs. Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and clinical trials are all used to treat pancreatic cancer. It all depends on the stage that you are in because that will determine that treatment that you will receive. Not all are curable.
How Does the Pancreatic Cancer Evolve?
The Pancreatic cancer evolves when the pancreatic cells develop mutation at the DNA level. The mutations grow large and continue to live even after the death of the normal cells. Now, these cells form a tumor. If you leave the tumor without treatment, it might spread to nearby organs and blood vessels. Most of cancer begins in the cell which lines the duct of the pancreas. This type of cancer is called pancreatic adenocarcinoma or pancreatic exocrine cancer and is most common in adults. Sometimes cancer can also form in the hormone-producing cells or the neuroendocrine cells of the pancreas.
Complications Associated with Pancreatic Cancer
Some of the complications which the patients might witness are the complete weight loss, Jaundice, uncontrolled pain in the abdomen and the adjoining areas as well as Bowel Obstruction also. Your doctor may recommend a tube (stent) be placed in your small intestine to hold it open. Or surgery may be necessary to attach your stomach to a lower point in your intestines that isn't blocked by cancer.
How Can one Prevent Pancreatic Cancer?
Prevention is better than cure. If you can protect something from happening, you should most likely do it. There are certain ways in which you can protect yourselves from getting the Pancreatic Cancer. Some of them include: Quitting Smoking, maintaining a Healthy Weight and having a healthy diet. If you consider doing these things regularly, you will easily keep the disease away.
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